Star and Geological References to Dams Construction and the Sea of Egypt
The second Pharaoh was Aha and his Serekh shows the narrows near Cairo Creating a Wall and Egypt became to be known as Matsuwr1 the Wall also known as Rahab2. The Horus hawk glyph is holding a mirrored Ankh and stone which implies that Aha was the stone quarrying for the Isis Dam.
The third Pharaoh was Djer seem to be doing the construction of the Wall or Matzuwr and installing the flood gates of the Isis Dam.
Djet the fourth Pharaoh completed the Isis Dam project and officially divided the upper and lower states of Egypt a project that brought great prosperity to the land of Egypt.
Lower Egypt is symbolized by the Red Crown. The glyph of which is the a red crown with an ostrich feather a glyph symbolizing the dam and the water cascading over causing the mist to rise and a half circle with crosshatching symbolizing the masonry dam filling the narrows near the island of Roda. Upper Egypt is symbolized by the kite glyph interpreted to symbolize the speed of shipping on the Sea of Nun the Upper Egypt glyph also has the dam symbol below it. The main image is the wall the Matzuwr symbolized in three ways first the wall with water heaped up over the top second the stylized Matzuwr and thirdly the wall Serekh with a snake zig zaging to symbolize the water cascading over the stair-step dam, with Horus above
The Egyptians also called the Great Pyramid at ancient Heliopolis “Innu, the Pillar “or The Pillar of Enoch. The ancient Egyptians regarded this pillar to be the first portion of land to have forced itself free of the “Sea of NUN” that was behind the Isis Dam
Atum another name for the Pyramid spoke of itself:
“When I was alone in the waters, in a state of inertness, before I was found anywhere to stand or sit,
before, Heliopolis had been founded that I might be therein3”
Again speaking of Atum in the Utterance 600 of the Pyramid Text;
” When you came into being you rose as a High Hill You shone as the Benben Stone in the Temple of the Phoenix4”
Funny thing is the Geological records of the Nile River valley show that sudden river rise at a time of World Wide Drought
It is best if we can visualize the river barge construction method of the Isis dam. So, we will use a boat like Queen/Pharaoh Hatsheput’s Obelisk (Machana5) barge because we know that they existed and carried those types of stone: but the machana was a much earlier model.
The uses of those craft eliminated the need for ramps or hundreds of workers to place each stone. Let us go back in time and take a little boat ride on the mighty Nile River that the Isis dam has turned into the placid Sea of Nun. We can catch a ride down the river at any one of the many stone quarries, and of course there would be oarsmen on the tow boats that pull the barge. The flow of the river would make the trip so much nicer than pushing those stone blocks on log rollers.
These machines were specialized pieces of construction equipment. Even so, these barges were most often camouflaged as crocodiles in Egyptian art and mythology. The machana was a wooden craft with lengths of up to two hundred feet. These barges were equipped with highly specialized “trim stabilizing devices” unique ballast stones that would compensate for shifting of those heavy stone blocks. These ballast stones were not inside the hull, but hung over the side, so that they would be partially submerged in the water. If the cargo shifted forwards causing the bow to drop further down into the water, the ballast stones toward the bow would also sink farther into the water in so doing lighting the barge by the amount of water that those stone now displace. (Archimedes Principle) However, that shifting of cargo would also cause the portion of the barge (the stern) to rise out of the water causing the stern ballast stones to rise out of the water increasing the ship’s weight by the amount of water that those stones had been displacing, in so doing cause the machana to stay in trim. However, there is a mystery of how these types of trim stabilizing stones have been found as far away as the towering mountains of Ararat of Turkey and Iran.
The Isis dam and the Sea of Nun had Terra-formed the desert of Egypt into lush green fields. The images above show how the Sea of Nun behind the Isis Dam caused Egypt to prosper. So, on this trip we will be going to the Dam.
As we float, we would see other barges empty of their Muck Rock from the quarry that has been thrown over the top of the dam for reinforcing: and for Rip-Rap to slow down any erosion caused by the6 millions of cubic feet of water running over the dam. This Masonry Dam was built with rock and was reinforced with limestone blocks to last eight thousand years until the Earthquake in Isaiah and his story of the Seancahos of 2141 years before the Christian era began.
Other boats would pass us filled with wheat, goats, and cattle. Who needs wheels when the Egyptians had boats and a lake to float those boats on? Around the lake the only things you can see are lush green fields irrigated with water from the lake, and below the Isis dam the delta was a Garden of Eden. Yes, Man had thrown off the curse of GOD. Maybe-maybe not, that is for later in The Earth changes of 10,500 years before the Christian era began section.
As we approach the dam which stands just one block above the water; we can see dozens of other barges unloading. You would clearly see a stylized representation of a machana and its cargo of stone for the dam and its two tow boats being lifted by the rising water behind the Isis dam as that dam grows higher. You would also see barges unloading a load of waste rock from the quarry to be used as reinforcement and rip-rap of the stone masonry dam.
Above the papyrus shows a finished dam with water going up and over the dam then down the stream to the delta. Above that is an overhead view of the dam and its flood gates system with water flowing around the ends.
Back at the Isis Dam there are ten barges unloading block onto the dam. Some machanas will be to the right of the center and the others to the left; placing their stones in a flat stair step or fan pattern. The barge we watch has its bow high because the blocks are more aft, so the bow can slip over the lower course of stone and drop stone block closer to the proper location. This time the stone block is one of the outer layers of rock, no need to manhandle this block to the back row. The bow is on to the lower course of blocks and the block on the barge is being pushed forward: Which will give the boat a steeper angle toward the dam and allow the block to slide off.
Then, before the block is set, a fine layer of baked limestone dust is blown on the blocks that our block will fit into. This cement dust is blown on with a forge bellows device so when the water comes up, the concrete dust will seal the hairline cracks with cement. This cement would stop all leaks of the upper structure. Subterranean leaks are the nemesis of modern dams, these were plugged by using Cowboy Mud , This cowboy mud is a clay, such as bentonite, and has been used for centuries to stop leaks in water reservoirs. Egypt is known for its fine clay that is brought down each year by the flooding of the Nile. The slow construction of the dam over the twenty years of construction allowed for this mud to fill and then be compacted in subterranean cracks under the dam site that would otherwise cause the failure of the structure.
After placement of the stone the barge would be slid over by men with ropes to place the next stone block. For the outer blocks a small boat with a large rope-covered bow and very large load of muck rock is pulled by ropes by men on the top of the dam and the boat crashes into the block that was just placed. At the same time a second block on log rollers also with a rope bumper is pushed and crashed into the block locking the stones into place from two sides: Which allowed the blocks to fits together as if they were one because the stone blocks were one once. When placed too far from the edge other blocks are locked together with two rope bumper blocks on log rollers, the second to replace the little boat. The placement of one block would take less than twenty minutes. And if there were twenty barges working – ten on each side- east and west they would be able to set sixty blocks per hour. At twelve hours per day the stone masons could have built the Pyramid in less than ten years.
The problem was those stone masons were building at the same time at least three pyramids and a dam. So twenty years would be about right for the Great Pyramids completion. However, to quarry that many stones blocks would have taken more time than to set the stone. Logic dictates multiple stone quarries so that each course of stone would have its own quarry, a quarry that would be reused for later courses of blocks.
The Pyramid was built using the same basic building techniques as the dam, though the inner rooms had many more and finer details. Nevertheless, let us just deal with the most difficult problems now. The block would be set the same way, as with the dam though each block would be more precisely placed. The artificial stars like the Horpakrate and the dioptra (transit) and the measuring line could be used to catch any error before any misalignment became a problem.
When the enormous stones were needed to be placed over a gaping opening, the lake level could be raised to allow the barges to float over the hole. The larger stone blocks were placed by floating them over the location and sliding the massive stone block off the barge; inflated cow skin float bags in the water of the hole under the block were used, which would slow the decent of the large block though the distance to lower the block to the lower course was only a few inches of fall. A skid block was also used to slow the decent by anchoring the huge stone being placed to a large stone that was sitting on the upper course of stone. So as the large stone descended over the hole the ropes would drag the skid block absorbing most of the kinetic energy of the large stones decent. After the stone was lowered, then the water would be lowered to allow the rest of the layer of stone to be placed around the large stone. However, filling of the hole and mounding with sand also may have been used in gable and arches.
3Book of the Dead cited in Hancock. G, Mirrors of Heaven, Op.Cite