Answers Long Misunderstood


“What makes an Ancient Civilization Truly Prosper?”

What I believe is the most necessary   items  need to turn a small village into a nation of greatness: without  certain inventions that  many people have not considered. Those inventions deal with communications.

Let us start with China,  a communication system that was mentioned in the 13th century of the Christian era. In the traveler, Marco Polo’s account of his visit to the Far East, the account mentions that the Emperor of China was alerted to Polo’s arrival by sunlight reflected by mercury mirrors between mountaintops along Polo’s route. .

Moul, The Book, The Book of Marco Polo, Yule and Cordiel 1903

India, while Sir Henry Mance was serving the Crown of England  he noticed  that  the local Rajah were out flanking him through the uses of the sun and mirrors.  Mance developed his heliographic system by added a second mirror; each of the two mirrors could be tilted or rotated. This movement allowed the lower mirror to be turned and tilted to catch the sun at the best angle and reflect that light to the top mirror. The upper mirror could then be turned to allow it to send the light to the location of the troops. The heliograph’s mirror had a telegraph type key to tip the mirror .

General Nelson A. Miles  used heliograph with shutters or lovers were used to allow the Magic Mirror to blink the message.

General Nelson A. Miles described the historic surrender of Geronimo and the Magic Mirror connection is as follow:
“I (General Miles) told him (Geronimo) that we had the use of steam and could move with great rapidity. That we also had the telegraph and the heliostat (heliograph), both superior to any of their methods of communication

I (General Miles) said to (Geronimo) ‘We can watch your movements and send messages over the tops of the mountains in the small part of a day that would take a mounted man on a swift pony twenty days to travel” (Geronimo) told me he had observed these flashes of light upon the mountain heights and believed them to be spirits.”

For a demonstration a heilographic message was sent to inquirer of Geronimo’s brother at Fort Bowie. This is the response of Geronimo on the receipt of the return message as told by Miles.

“This struck the savage with awe, and evidently made a strong impression upon him. I (General Miles) noticed that he (Geronimo) said something to one of his warriors close by him, at which the warrior quietly turned on his heel, and walked a short distance where his pony was lariated, jumped on his back and rode rapidly back in the direction of the mountains from which Geronimo had come.”
Miles asked what Geronimo had said.

The interpreter replied: “He (Geronimo) told him to go tell Natchez that there was a power here which he (Geronimo) could not understand: and to come in, and come quick.”

The heliograph had performed its magical God like function as it had in the centuries past and in a few hours Natchez came down from the mountain. In the western states of Arizona, New Mexico, and Nevada, used a heliographic network of sentinels out posts in the high desert for a time in the late 19th century and the British also used a heliographic system in southern Africa and in the Sub Continent in the same era. The heliograph also provided the mobile communication element in the British service which was devised by Sir Henry Mance at Bombay in 1869. The system would be transported to high ground location on horseback. The location usually was on a high open mountaintop that was clear on all sides. This heliographic system was the forerunner of our modern satellite surveillance systems. This communication system was a huge leap forward in technology, or was it backwards?

In ancient Greece a funny thing happened Aeschylus, the Greek dramatist1: said that Clytemnestra knew of the fall of Troy that day. But how could she know? Did space aliens tell her? NO! Was Clytemnestra a clairvoyant? NO! Did she have an out of body experience then? NO!  Catoptromance (Magic Mirrors) Now you’re getting close. But where is the thread that will start to unravel this Knot? Xenophon (434-355 years before the Christian era) the ancient Greek war hero and historian answers that question in his history of ancient Greece called Hellenica. Nevertheless, Xenophon’s words like Cassandras’ words have been rejected by the Gatekeepers of knowledge. Even so, Hellenica contains the phrase to:

“Signal with a Shield”


This refers to reflecting sunlight with a mirrored shield. Those mirrors were called aspis the Ancient Greek word for snakes or mirrored shields. The messages that were sent by these ancient heliographs were called “aspasmos6” to “handle the shield.” Yes, they were what you would call Magic Mirrors the same kind that gave Clytemnestra the extra time needed to make sure she did not get caught with her new lover and  what allowed Snow White’s wicked step mother to find The Fairest of them all.

Those sundisks, or aspis were easily  spotted  on the mountain sides. The  British also used a heliographic system in southern Africa that were sited down gun bores to narrow the field of view. But what did the ancients use? That  leads us back to Egypt and  one of the symbols of Horus which  was the winged sun disk with a mirror in its center. The wings of this heilographic device were not to fly with but too damper or screen the light so the field of view would be reduced.

The best snapshot of the uses of the Hittite Winged Sun Disk heliograph is a bas-relief8  sculpture of three Horsemen with woolie chaps with lead ropes for their  horses (they did not have tails) who were holding the Magic mirrored unit, which is found in the collection at the Metropolitan museum of arts. This sculpture has been dated to two thousand years before the Christian era began.


That is about a thousand years before King David of Israel, Clytemnestra and the Egyptian Princess Entiu-ny. We get our letter “A” and the Sanskrit’s first letter from the Sun Disk’s folded wings.  The ancient translation of the word we pronounce Pegasus is Pege-aspis which means a stratagem and the signaling bright shield. Did Rome have this system? There is some anecdotal evidence that they did.

Now why are those aspis or heliographs so important: because those Magic Mirrors gave the ancient world of the Eastern Mediterranean all the way to China a system of communication equal to that of the late 19th to early 20th centuries. Think about that concept because the Gatekeepers of knowledge are blissfully unaware of that fact that thousands of years ago the cultures of the Middle East had almost instant communication between cities hundreds of miles apart. This is something that modern “Man” has only had for about one hundred and fifty years.

For the rest of the story and lots of pictures
Locked Gates, The Riddle Lord’s Secrets, Introduction, Table of Contents, Links and footnotes

What made Egypt Great?

> So let us allow the
> ancient Egyptian to speak for themselves : by
> looking at a few Papyri. But, first did you know
> that papyrus is from the Coptic Greek: pa, means
> mouth and iris, means eyes ? The mouth to the
> eyes.
> Life was good
> First these Egyptian story tellers (riddle
> masters) give the most important concept first, at
> the bottom right. That is a boat sitting on
> water. With a stair-step triangle of stone. Which
> has a dual interpretation the first that it deals
> with Osiris’ tomb. Which is connected to a
> revealing fact that both Osiris and Horus is
> that stood on the backs of crocodiles 1:
> Horus in the specific form of HeruPaKhered is
> depiction where young Horus is standing on the
> backs of a crocodiles, (also known as stone barges
> push boats with oars men both front and rear).
> Just like our first image of the boat in the first
> plate. HeruPaKhered is defined from ancient Coptic
> Greek as Heru”: the Coptic form of the Greek word:
> “HER” and is defined as “the tool of strengths.”
> This root word is used in the Greek man/god named
> Hercules; Pa, mouth and some times, brag of an
> awesome accomplishment ; Khered meant, earth or
> stone moving. This papyrus has crocodile barge
> concept with a stone barges with push boats with
> oars men both front and rear and a stack of
> rocks.
> Back to our story, The triangle stack stone is a
> cross section of a dam. (Don’t get a head of me
> that statement will become crystal clear in a few
> more images) As you must know dams are thicker at
> the base than at the top because of the water
> pressure is higher at the base. Those wavy dark
> lines below the HeruPaKhered is water, very
> important to understand that. Now the next image
> is very strange to most people to portray a
> column of water that the HeruPaKhered is rising
> on. Sorry look at the water in the next image:
> the water is goes up in a similar manor to the
> previous image with the barge, however, when it
> hits the top of our stair-step triangle of stone
> the water then curls over the top
> Then the water continues on to give prosperity to
> farmers and the nation giving great stature to
> Egypt among other countries leaders. This
> stair-step triangle is a common image in Egyptian
> Art, however, people like you Doc and Brian had no
> idea what “The Mouth to the Eyes” was trying
> to tell you. I am going to give you some more
> pretty pictures. But don’t stop at the pictures,
> the Pharaohs of the Old Kingdom want to “talk
> to your eyes ” too.
> Before Egypt was known by the Greek name Egypt,
> Aigu-ptis2 which is derived from Coptic Greek not
> from a Egyptian temple: aigialos3 a sea (as in
> Aegean), and ptoeo4 to cause to flee away,
> Egypt’s ancient Semitic name was Metz-ra-yim5
> the meaning of which is Metz6 the wall or fence,
> or to capture, Ra7 the power, and Yim8 the river
> or sea.
> I will let the first four Serekhs of Pharaohs of
> the old Kingdom from the Book Introductory Guide
> to the Egyptian Collections Published by the
> British Museum, page 246, Talk to your Eyes and
> explain the meaning.
> .
> Narmer was the first Pharaoh of the First Egyptian
> Dynasty. This pharaoh’s Serekh illustrates the
> narrows (Matsuwd9) near modern Cairo with the
> island Roda and the Nile passing on each side of
> the island in the middle of the between the two
> sets of parallel lines.
> Satellite Picture you can see that the Egyptian’s
> had rotated shape of the island it was their way
> of getting around using three point perspective.
> When you look a images you will almost always see
> the in profile. But the so called catfish it is an
> over head image. A stylized HeruPaKhered, with
> oars to look like whiskers two eyes symbolizing
> the two helmsmen and the tail of the fish as the
> loading ramps for stone.
> The second Pharaoh was Aha and his Serekh shows
> the narrows near Cairo Creating a Wall and Egypt
> became to be known as Matsuwr10 the Wall also
> known as Rahab11. The Horus hawk glyph is holding
> a mirrored Ankh and stone which implies that Aha
> was the stone quarrying for the Isis Dam.
> The Stone Riddle of Aten
> []
> Quarrying 2.3 Million Stone Blocks
> []
> The third Pharaoh was Djer seem to be doing the
> construction of the Wall or Matzuwr and installing
> the flood gates of the Isis Dam. Djet the fourth
> Pharaoh completed the Isis Dam project and
> officially divided the upper and lower states of
> Egypt a project that brought great prosperity to
> the land of Egypt. Lower Egypt symbolized by the
> Red Crown. The glyph of which is the a red crown
> with an ostrich feather a glyph symbolizing the
> dam and the water cascading over causing the mist
> to rise and a half circle with crosshatching
> symbolizing the masonry dam filling the narrows
> near the island of Roda. Upper Egypt is
> symbolized by the kite glyph interpreted to
> symbolize the speed of shipping on the Sea of Nun
> the Upper Egypt glyph also has the dam symbol
> below it. The main image is the wall the Matzuwr
> symbolized in three ways first the wall with water
> heaped up over the top second the stylized
> Matzuwr and thirdly the wall Serekh with a snake
> zig zaging to symbolize the water cascading over
> the stair-step dam, with Horus above
> .The Egyptians also called the Great Pyramid at
> ancient Heliopolis “Innu, the Pillar “or The
> Pillar of Enoch. The ancient Egyptians regarded
> this pillar to be the first portion of land to
> have forced itself free of the “Sea of NUN”
> that was behind the Isis Dam . Atum another name
> for the Pyramid spoke of itself:
> “When I was alone in the waters, in a state of
> inertness, before I was found anywhere to stand or
> sit, before, Heliopolis had been founded that I
> might be therein”
> Again speaking of Atum in the Utterance 600 of the
> Pyramid Text;
> ” When you came into being you rose as a High
> Hill You shone as the Benben Stone in the Temple
> of the Phoenix”
> Water in the Desert, Ramps verses Crocodiles
> []
> The Legacy of Isis, Metzrayim
> []
> Resurrection of Osiris
> []
> Funny thing is the Geological records of the Nile
> River valley show that sudden river rise at a
> time of World Wide Drought. ”

Archimedes’ Mentor




More than fifty years ago in my “Introduction to Greek Literature” class, I learned of Archimedes and his “Bath Tub Revelation“. Even so, in the decades since I have found that our dear little Archimedes was far wiser that the image of a little old man that ran through the streets of the capital city Syracuse, Sicily: naked and screaming. Archimedes was born 287 years before the Christian era begun in Syracuse, educated in Alexandra, Egypt and his death was recorded at the fall of Syracuse. Plutarch writes in his work on “Marcellus”: the Roman commander, about how Archimedes’ engines of war were used against the Romans in the siege of 212 years before the Christian era. Archimedes is said to have, “single handedly defended the city” by constructing what are now called solar furnaces, or Aten orb as that system was known in Karnack, Egypt. Mirrors that were to focus the Sun’s light by more than one thousand fold onto Roman ships.

Other engines of war used in that defense were based on Hercules’ Birds of Styphalian story. Archimedes used noise makers against the land forces, “immense masses of stones that came down with incredible noise and violence: against which no man could stand:” breaking the Roman army’s ranks, just as Hercules used “noise makers” to flush the Birds of Styphalian.

When you look up Archimedes word of praise that he screamed in a Greek lexicon? Eureka starts with the Greek letter Epsilon: which means:“to cover 1in a lion2and as often as not Epsilon is pronounced as an “H” sound, as in Helen3 and eureka would be pronounced as “heureca,” linking that word to the name Heurcules4. The Greek prefix and root word heur-cole that refers to. The tool or “The Splendid Gift”or inherent power linked to Hercules. A man that wore a suit of armor made of lion skin.

Hercules was a man with the right tool for each job. That is why Archimedes loved his Mentor, Hercules so much, and why Archimedes was known for discovering so many of the right tools based on the story riddles of Hercules. Could have our dear little Archimedes have written part of his own biography using the pen name Heuracleides?5 A name that means, a Son of Heurcules, but what else would you call a man like Archimedes that could tow a loaded ship on land as easily as he could on water, with Hercules’ rope of the Cretan Bull story and a few pulleys. A man that held the Roman Navy and then Army at bay with a few blinks of mercury clad copper magic mirrors and a few of Hercules’ noise makers.

The story riddles of Hercules lead Archimedes to become the father of “Experiential Science and Engineering”: Heuristic6. Sadly the children of the 21st century of the Christian era think Hercules was a super hero like Super Man: not a man that used his intellectual skills to multiply his strength or advantage. All the same, that is the point of story riddles. The plot of the story is not the Wisdom of the Riddle.

Hercules origins are not found in Greece,

But in the night skies of Egypt where he is called Bau,

In combat with  the snake Draco.


Surprisingly, even in the later versions of these Herculean stories you do not find a man of super human strength but a man of great wisdom and wisdom is more powerful that brute force. One of the best-known Herculean stories is, The Stuck Cart. A man had mired his cart and was unable to free his vehicle. So on the cart seat, the driver was in fervent prayer to the pantheon of the Greek gods and goddesses asking for them to free his cart. Hercules hears the man’s prayer for help; however, his response is not of a godlike benefactor, but as an exasperated father speaking to a dim-witted son.

The gods help them that help themselves.”

Then Hercules shows the driver how to multiply his own strength using levers, in so doing frees the cart. The Wisdom of this story riddle is not that prayers work: even though the driver’s prayer did work. And it was not that Hercules got the cart unstuck, which he did. The wisdom of the riddle is the lesson of fulcrums and levers. Even so, who got the credit for discovering “The Law of Levers,” Archimedes and not Hercules. Each of Hercules’ Labors held great wisdom that was camouflaged in what seems to be a fairytale, Labors that were achieved by intellectual and engineering principles. When Hercules tries in his own strength, he fails. That is the wisdom of the Hercules story riddles, “Use your head not your back,”

When Hercules cleansed King Augeas’ Ox Stable that had not been cleaned for three decades: was the cleaning of the King’s stable done by Hercules’ ability to shovel “Bull Shit” that got the job done?

No! It was hydrodynamics principles. Hercules used two dams to change the course of two rivers to flow through the stable to cleanse it’s of the massive amounts of Ox Dung. That process is used in gold mining and is known as Hydraulic Mining. And who got the credit for that field of scientific endeavor of hydrodynamics? Archimedes has been given the title of the Father of that field of scientific research.

Hercules had another problem: there was a Lion running around that had a hide that was impenetrable. That made the Nemean lion “un-defeat-able.” So how could our Hero prevail against such a beast? In many versions of this story our Hero was swallowed whole, in order that, Hercules could kill the beast from the inside by choking the beast. After the battle with that lion, our Hero fashioned himself a suit of armor, which takes us back to the Greek letter Epsilon, to be clothed with the lion. That is right Hercules got a Greek letter named after one of his Labors.

6jpg wall

Eight hundred years before the birth of Archimedes, what army used that Herculean concept from that story riddle to defeat a city that had impenetrable walls? –BINGOThe Greek army that was encamped around the City of Troy, with its impenetrable walls, though it took them a while to remember. Eventually, someone must have remembered that old Herculean Riddle. So they loaded up some men in a big Wooden Horse and left them to be swallowed by the Gates of Troy with its “Impenetrable walls.” Well we have come full circle back to the City of Troy and Cassandra. Not to worry we will get back to our Old Friends: Archimedes and Hercules later: but we will have to untie some other “Knots” first.

1Strongs, Op. Cite,, Greek, no., 1909

2 Ibid, no., 3023

3Ibid, no.1672 24

4 Heurcules the spelling in old English

5Strongs, Op. Cite, Greek, no 2398

6Webster, 9th New Collegiate Dictionary, Merriam-Webster inc, Springfield ,1989, p.568

Medusa and Hydra Unraveled

8 Medusa Jpg

Now that we have the history of General Miles and his war with the Apaches as a template and the fact that Xenophon called his bright shield heliographs, “Aspis also interpreted as snakes”, we can use that information as the starting point to unwind these “Riddles” of Medusa and Hydra. Medusa’s adversary was also a herculean figure that also had Zeus as his father. Though Perseus (Lightning Shield) was born1 of Dana’e (not Alcmena), who after Zeus had tired of Perseus’ mom, the King of Seriphus fell in love with her. The problem was the King did not like being reminded that he was not Dana’e’s first love. She had a son; to the King it seemed Perseus was always in the way. Now Perseus is in “The Way”2 immortalized in the night sky, north of Taurus and to the right of Andromeda and to the left of Aurica. Perseus was also the founder of Clytemnestra’s home town, Mycenae. The King of Seriphus devised a Quest for young Perseus to prove to the world that he was a man and at the same time do a service for the Crown. This was a quest that the king was sure would rid him of this unwanted memory of Dana’e’s past. The King sent Perseus to Gorgon (the land of ugly women) and to Medusa the monster woman with aspis for hair. 3However, those aspis were: Xenophon’s bright shield heliographs: NOT SNAKES.


Each aspis was a magic mirror or heliograph that was installed on one of Medusa’s many mountain top or watchtower “Sentinel outposts” each of which were manned by her faithful Gorgons and those watchtowers were really her eyes and ears who sent communiques back to her from the horizon and beyond. The Gorgon sentinel out post was symbolized as snakes emanating from Medusa and these outposts had only one Eye, a mirrored shield that the Gorgons would blink (or wink) Morris Code like messages to Medusa and to other sentinel outposts, communiques that allowed for direct interaction with Medusa in her citadel in real time. In so doing Medusa controlled the “High Ground”. These heliographs gave up to the minute intelligence to Medusa, just as General Mile’s mountain top heliographs gave him the advantage over the Apache. bird blinks

These mirrored shields were also known as Eyes or Cyclopes, sorry that word Cyclopes also means a disk of copper with a bright finish4 besides the common definition of a one-eyed monster5 and the Egyptians called these Cyclopes, Horus, udjat depicted as a human eye and eyebrow.6 These were quicksilver coated copper shields/disks, a magic mirror using the alchemist silver trick.

Geronimo said of those mirrors:

“A power that I could not understand”


Because of the heilographic communication system which Medusa used, she was able to keep a constant watch on strangers, merchant caravans, and enemy troop movements. Medusa could set up ambushes with her troops, long before the unsuspecting visitor could even know that Medusa was aware of him. It must have seemed as if that stranger was moving like a stone when events overtook him.

Now Perseus had some advisers, Nymphs “Smart young women” at least as smart as Clytemnestra. These Nymphs gave that young man some good advice.7 Wear Shoes of Swiftness8 to be able to out run Medusa’s lighting fast communications system. So the Nymphs gave him some “Six League Boots” called the Shoes of Swiftness. The text does not call her Nike the goddess of Winged Victory but my guess is that she had some shoes for him to wear, however, those shoes never left the ground they were the wings of the Great Falcon


Coffin Text Passage 148


I am Horus, the great Falcon upon the ramparts of the house of him of the hidden name.

(Horus was the heliograph that was on the platform of the Great Pyramid.)

My flights have reached the horizon.

(Blinks of light “The message” could be read as far away as the horizon and be transmitted to the next horizon.)

I have passed by the gods of Nut. I have gone further that the gods of old. Even the most ancient bird could not equal my very first flight.

(A speed unequaled, because the messages that traveled at the speed of light to the horizon.)

I have removed my place beyond the power of Set, the foe of my father Osiris.

(Messages that were traveling above the enemy that had no way stop the message.)

No other god could do what I have done.

I have brought the ways of eternity to the twilight of the morning.

These messages could be transmitted during the daylight hours at speeds that would take days of travel by the fastest horsemen and that communication was done in a matter of seconds. A feat that would seem to be as amazing as Time Travel would be today.

I am Unique in my flight

(The message could be sent and the sender, stay at the point of origination.)

One of the many symbols of Horus was the winged sun disk 10with a mirror in its center. The wings of this heilographic device were not to fly with but too damper or screen the light so the field of view would be reduced. We get our letter “A” and the Sanskrit’s first letter from the Sun Disk’s folded wings.


You most often see the Sun disk with its wing spread: but when the wings are folded to reduce the field of view the Sun disk becomes an “A” from the overhead view .


First letter in



The light being affected in the same way that movie studio set lights use the same type of wings to put light only to the place most needed. This device gave Perseus knowledge from as far away as “the HORUSion” or six leagues away without taking a step. The messenger god of Rome was Mercury who also had winged feet of swiftness. Remember the metal that gave these copper mirrors their shine, mercury, the trick of the Alchemist silver.

The Nymphs Advised Perseus

Wear the Cap of Darkness and Use a Sword of Sharpness”

The Sentinel outposts of Medusa used the sun as a light source for their communication system making that interaction impossible during the nighttime hours: and because of the darkness, consequently, there was not enough light for the Gorgons to see clearly in the dark. Night is the “Cap of Darkness” and was the perfect time for Perseus to move unseen by Medusa’s watchtowers. “One tooth is all that the Gorgons had”, one copper sword, this type of weapon was the standard military issue of the time and was cheap, easy to sharpen; but would not hold a sharp edge and would nick with the first use. Unfortunately, because of that softness, they would become dull quickly and the sharper the copper sword, the quicker it would become blunted. Iron swords that were made from meteors were available, but were rare. Even so, the gold miners of that era had an abundance of magnetite iron that was cast off in the refining of gold, so that iron was available and easier to locate than a Falling Star. Though both types of Iron swords would keep an edge and if the antagonist was strong enough, he could cut a copper sword in two with one blow, that Iron sword made it easier to capture the Sentinel Outpost.

Because, of that victory Perseus was able to use the mirror of the Sentinel Eye to tell Medusa that he, Perseus was moving away from Medusa when he was actually coming toward her. Therefore, Medusa was unaware of the approach of Perseus; consequently, her defenses were down. This apathy was because she had grown to rely on the aspis (heliographs or mirrors) to blink a warning before an intruder could enter her city. This complacency made it easy for Perseus to walk in, and defeat Medusa.

Hydra Verses Hercules

Now let us get back to Perseus’ big brother, and Hercules’ problem, The Hydra. Again it is a problem that deals with a beast with many aspis heads or (heliographic) Sentinels Out posts. However, this time those Sentinels Out posts were on wooden watchtowers, Sentinel Outposts that were in the command of the “High Ground.” As a reference we will have to come back to the mid-20th century of the Christian era, and the war on the Korean peninsula, a war where thousands of men died over the control of “The High Ground.” There is an Old military adage:

He who controls the High Ground

Controls the Battle.

The reason being is that with the view from the high ground a general can see the battle field and knows where both his troops and those of his enemy troops are. However, his enemy is kept from having that field of view and command and control, making the generals troop’s invisible. This invisibility and this heilographic command and control, allows the general to move his troops unseen by his enemy. Troops moved to give our general the best advantage to win the battle. Today the US Military uses satellites as High Ground Sentinel out posts, but they are somewhat slower than the boots on the ground surveillance of the old fashion “High Ground” sentinels.

The problem for our old friend Hercules and his Legendary “Olive Branch” club had was that after working “all night” to take control of the High Ground Watchtower, and taking the Outposts Aspis heliograph; which was one of the many heads of the Hydra. Hercules would then move onto the next watchtower, leaving that High Ground unguarded, at which time his enemies would re-man the tower with a new aspis heliograph carried on the backs of horses  (Pegasus) and be back in business of controlling the High Ground. Hercules’ nephew saw what was happening and thought “this is DUMB” So even, though Iolaus was not the warrior that his uncle Hercules was, he knew how to start a fire and burned the watchtowers down after Hercules had cleared them out of enemy troops, but before the enemy could re-man them.


1Strongs, Op. Cite,, G. 785, 4442

2 Bullinger E, W. The Witness of the Stars 1893, The stars of the heavens were once known

3 Rose H. J, “Medusa” , Op. Cite, Colliers Vol.11, P. 234-235

4 Strongs, Op. Cite, G ,No,5467,5464, 5475, 5474

5 Ibid, no 3442


7One league is equal to one hour of walking

8 Waxman N., ”Winged Victory” , Op. Cite, Colliers Vol.23, P. 527

9 Clark R. T. R, Myth and Symbols of Ancient Egypt : Thames and Hudson, London 1991 65, Simmons S, D., Op. Cite, Colliers Vol. 15, p. 749

10Simmons S, D., Colliers, Vol. 15, p. 749