Answers Long Misunderstood

Posts tagged “Herodotus

O Height which is not Sharpened

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Just as with Theseus in the Labyrinth we have been given a ball of thread to follow to unravel the mystery of how a Bronze Age society was able to erect two Great Pyramids more than four hundred and forty-seven feet high. Herodotus said:

The Pyramid was twenty years in the building and the Machines to lift the stone were made of wood.1

(Not of reeds)

Twenty years to stack 2.3 million blocks, which had an average weight five thousand pounds average thickness four feet, stacked to a height of more than four hundred and fifty feet, The Machines to stack the stones were “Made of Wood?” Machines are translated from the Greek word Machana, Which can mean:

 Wooden, Stone Barges

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However, if you go to any common Greek Lexicon, it will say that “machana” is defined as a machine. But surprisingly, if you look at similarly spelled words you will find they are defined as ship captains and seamen. Furthermore, if boats are not machines; what are they? crocodiles? Strangely, yes, those machanas were sometimes shown as crocodiles in Egyptian sculptures. Both Osiris and his son’s feet were on crocodile. Horus2: in the specific form of Heru-sa-Aset, or Heru-pa-Khered is depiction where young Horus is standing on the back of a crocodile, (also known as stone barges). Heru-pa-Khered is defined from ancient Coptic Greek as Heru”: the Coptic form of the Greek word: “HER” and is defined as “the tool of strengths.” This root word is used in the Greek man/god named Hercules; Pa, the narrows (of the Nile); Khered meant, earth or stone moving.

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The vast majority of the stone blocks were transported by boat (Machana) envisaged as crocodiles, and not on rollers over land, though they were on rollers as they traveled in the boat. These barges when transporting numerous stone blocks would look like crocodiles on the river when looked on from the lip of the valley.

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There is a bas-relief sculptor at Deir el Bahri that shows the Queen/Pharaoh Hatsheput to Punt3. At that temple there are also stone carvings that shows several vessels: seventy feet long by seventeen feet wide and five feet deep with fifteen oars per side (with a total of thirty to sixty oarsmen for propulsion and two more for steering.4) During that same time period large barges were also built for transporting stone blocks down the Nile River.5 Stone carvings show one such vessel with two Obelisks end to end, but the vessel must have been two hundred feet long. Herodotus wrote of the Great shipping fleet on the Nile. At Al-Lisht site, Sesostris I, had large wooden boats in or near his burial enclosure.6

 

The Great Pyramid has four boat pits around its base: because they were so important to that structure. We also know that the granite blocks were floated down from the Aswan area along the Nile. The one found next to the Great Pyramid, and is now in the Boat Museum nearby, is 43 meters long.7 The machana was found dismantled in a pit sealed with huge limestone blocks, the pit is too small for the assembled boat, and therefore, the boat seems to have been purposely dismantled. This indicates that the pyramids were once surrounded by water, and that water was use by those stone barges in the construction of the Great Pyramids

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Isis the Queen of Navigation8 and (machana) barges are the keys to stacking the stones of the great Pyramids four hundred and fifty feet off the valley floor. However, this construction technique was never lost. Even today in the 21st century of the Christian era. Heavy construction materials are delivered to the tops of dams by large river barges, just as it was with the construction of the Isis Dam, a Dam that changed Egypt from a desert to a World Power. And as the Isis dam rose; the river also roses behind that dam, and so did the barges that delivered the construction materials.

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However, the Isis dam gave added benefits to the Pyramid builders because as the dam grew higher the stone masons working on the Pyramid had stone delivered to their construction site because of the Queen of Navigation the Isis Dam allowed for navigation on the River Nile year round. So as the Isis dam grew higher the Great Pyramids grew at same rate as the dam grew, stone blocks supplied by those same wooden machines called river barges or machana, as the water covered the stone blocks of the Pyramid. The water would also cocoon the outside of the Osiris’ Pyramid with green algae and black slime, To be weathered away after the Great Pyramid rose out of the water of the receding lake in 2141 years before the Christian Era began. Even so, because this is an uncommon interpretation of the Osiris story, there must be over whelming evidence to validate this interpretation. Consequently, we are about to go where non-tenured professors fear to tread, to uncover that indisputable evidence. 9

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The common traditions, that have been passed down for centuries tell 21st century man that the Egyptian stone masons built the Great Pyramids. Nevertheless, there is evidence that those same stone masons built a large stone masonry dam across the river Nile almost thirteen thousand years ago, evidence that has been put up on a shelf, because the evidence does not fit the Common Traditions surrounding the Great Pyramid theories. Consequently, the time has come to take that evidence off the shelf and dust it off, and answer the riddle to how the Pyramids were really constructed. Dams were more common that what most Archeologists10 are lead to believe and this because of traditions that have been handed down and have precluded out of The Box thought, because the teachers hand down their understanding to their students and as teachers are expected to be believed. In fact the Weekly Ahram story of the worlds the second oldest dam dating back about 4,000 years ago has been hidden away from most archeologists. Even so, the dam concept was very common, though it has been misunderstood for centuries. Many times misunderstanding the symbols used to portray them confuses many experts.

When the Caliph Al Mamaun in the year 840 of the Christian era broke into the Pyramid;11 he did not find, jewels, gold or even mummies, to be crushed and be sold for medicine. What he did find was bat droppings, lots of remnants of tiny water creatures, and ton and tons of dirt. The Caliph and his minions took months digging the dirt from the Great Pyramid. Dirt, that was in almost every tunnel and passageway. The dirt had seeped in through centuries of sitting in that lake (the Sea of Nun). Take a close look at the Sphinx and notice how bad it has been water eroded. The evidence is in plain sight. You will also notice that the river narrows near Cairo, has eroded islands like Roda, and evidence of a burst river dam. Which happened in the year 2141 before the Christian era began.

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Sir Flides Petrie (1853-1943 of the Christian era.) Professor of Egyptology 1892-1933 and later to become professor emeritus from 1933-1942 of the world famous London University and the “Father of Modern Archeological Methods” made extensive measurements of the Great Pyramid, especially in the Queens Chamber where he had to spend much time cleaning away salt deposits that were caked on the wall of that chamber so he could make accurate measurements. The salt that was left behind after the brackish water from the lake left inside had evaporated. However, the Queen’s chamber was hundreds of feet above the valley floor, evidence that the Pyramid had once been under water.12

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Modern carbon dating of “Silt sediments rising to fourteen feet around the base of the pyramid contain many seashells and fossils that have been radiocarbon-dated to be nearly twelve thousand years old. These sediments could have been deposited in such great quantities only by major sea flooding. This evidence alone suggests that the three main Giza pyramids are at least twelve thousand years old.13

The engineers who believe “The Four Ramp Theory” tell the Common Man the materials needed to build a four ramp system would have taken thirty two-million cubic yards of materials to construct. It only took a little over twenty nine-million cubic yards of materials to build the Trinity dam across the Trinity River in California the Trinity River dam is five hundred thirty seven feet high. That is eighty-seven feet taller that the Great Pyramid. The Trinity dam is not all concrete but that dam is Earth filled.

In a Masoretic text of Job there is a passage that is linked to the star Polaris that indicates that this book is more than 13,000 years old:14 to the time of the building of the Pyramids there are other verses that give additional verification of how the Great pyramids were constructed.15

9. He shoots16 forth his power17 against18 the rock, he over turns the mountains from their foundation.

Therefore, he used the stones from the top of his quarry for the bottom of his new mountain his Pyramid.

10 He cuts the stone because19 of the river perceiving the future20 and the good that will come.

11. He dams the river that it may not overflow:

This passage speaks of the benefits of the dam. The dam was the device controlled that annual flooding and drought cycle of the Nile. Flooding and drought made the Nile delta farm land unusable for most of the prime growing seasons; until the Isis Dam was constructed.

And the thing that is hid21

Under the irrigation water of the rising lake

He might bring forth “Light”

Understanding of the hidden mysteries of the Pyramid

11 But where is wisdom to be found?

12 No man knows the treasures thereof: And where is the place of understanding.

This Image is of the Isis Dam site showing the Cairo narrows, the island Roda, and the High hills coming down to the River Nile where the Isis dam was up until 2141 years before the Christian era began.

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The next Image is a satellite picture of that area. The dark purple is a geological outcropping high above the valley floor that restricts the flow of the river Nile at that location near Cairo. Notices the island Roda in the river at that location? 22

1 b d z z f  Pharoh 1     Narmer  1

This is one of three images that are are Serekhs of the next three Pharaohs from the Book Introductory Guide to the Egyptian Collections Published by the British Museum page 23. Narmer was the first Pharaoh of the First Egyptian Dynasty. This pharaoh’s Serekh illustrates the narrows (Matsuwd24) near modern Cairo with the island Roda and the Nile passing on each side of the island in the middle of the between the two sets of parallel lines.The next three show the building of the Isis Dam.

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1 Edwards I. E. S, “The Pyramid” ” Colliers,, Vol. 19, P.543

2Hawthorn, J. The Masterpieces and History of Literature V1, P22 E.R. Du Mont, New York 1903

3http://cma.soton.ac.uk/Histship/shlect90.htm Casson, Ships, and Seaman in the ancient world , Princeton Press, Princeton, 1973 CMA.

4Hodges, P., and Keable J. How the Pyramid Was Built, :Element Books, Shaftesbury, 1989 V8, 8 p.652-676

5http://www.catchpenny.org/movebig.html

6Ibid

7Ibid

8Rice, S., Pandora, Alford A. Knopf, New York, 1998, p.62

9http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_image.aspx?image=ps345010.jpg&retpage=15523

10 http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2004/708/he1.htm

11Davison, D Op. Cite.

12Petrie, Our Inheritance, 3rd, Historical Studies II Ancient Egypt, England 1917

13Gray Martin, sacred sites. Com

14http://www.mechon-mamre.org/i/t/x/x2738.htm #32

15http://www.mechon-mamre.org/i/t/x/x2728.htm #9

16Strongs James, Op. Cite,, Hebrew, no 79711

17Ibid, no. 3028

18Ibid, no.5921

19Ibid, no.4481

20Ibid, no.7200

21Ibid, no.8587, 8585

22http://maps.google.com/maps?ie=UTF8&t=k&om=0&ll=29.994192,31.221771&spn=0.088608,0.139732&z=12

23Introductory Guide to the Egyptian Collections, Published by the British Museum 1976

24Strongs James, Op. Cite,,H,4689

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Quarrying 2.3 Million Stone Blocks

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A Greek by the name of Herodotus lived back four hundred and ninety years before the Christian era began and is considered by The Scholarly World to be “The Father of History.” In one of his many books that he wrote called HISTORY BOOK II page 124. Herodotus gives an account of the building of the pyramid that was related to him by some local Egyptian Priest.1

That is Twenty Years to cut and stack 2.3 million blocks2, (average weight five thousand pounds average thickness four feet), to stack to a height of almost four hundred and fifty feet: twelve hours per day, seven days a week. That is twenty-six blocks per hour, (with copper and wooden tools?) now double that amazing feat because there was the Second (red) Pyramid next to the Great pyramid that was only two and one-half feet shorter and was built at the same time as the Great Pyramid. Even so, those structures construction was far easier than what you have been expected to believe. The Egyptian used simple engineering techniques to do their amazing feats. Techniques that are surprisingly still used today, concepts that have never been lost; nonetheless, those techniques have never been applied to the building of the Pyramids, by the Discovery or, History Channel, and certainly not by Wikipedia.

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To interpret the riddle of the construction techniques, you must understand the basic laws of physical science, which includes the tools’ of Archimedes. However, these techniques were Egyptian “TOP SECRETS” so they were locked in a safe place hidden from their “Enemies” and from the “Common Folk” in Riddles. Making sure that the ignorant saw only what the Egyptians wanted them to see Fairy Tales. The process of quarrying the stone for the Pyramids has been as BIG a mystery as the Pyramid itself. How could a Copper Age society use its copper tools to cut and finish rocks some of which were harder that the copper tools themselves? This baffled the Scholarly World for hundreds of years and was “hard to explain” (a crux, riddle). The answer should have been in plain sight. And it was “with a handle” (ansala), because, the Egyptians used cruxansalas and sunshine to quarry the stone.

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To understand this riddle, we will need to go back to my Great-Grand-Parent’s time. Many of those folks were poor. There were times that they needed just one more drinking glass. As it happens, my folks had no money to buy an extra drinking glass and sitting down to supper with an old beer bottle when the visiting pastor came by was a little tacky. So what is a poor woman to do? Have Grandpa make a glass. Forget your visions of a blast furnace and a pipe with a glob of glass on the end. No. What the Old Man did was, take that beer bottle and put a kerosene-soaked sting around the bottle and then tie the kerosene string tight. He would then light the string on fire all the way around. Then he would stand the bottle up straight then in a few seconds he would hear a PING. Then Grandpa would blow out the string. The bottle now separated in two pieces. The top makes a handy dandy new funnel and the bottom is Grandma’s new drinking glass. Now why did that happen? The heat from the flames heated the top and the neck of the beer bottle. Below the flame stayed cool when the differential in temperature was high enough between the top (from the flame and above) and the cool bottom (below the flame) a fracture would start and run around at the point of the temperature differential separating the glass bottle into two pieces.

Now let us go back to my child hood and when I was in the Cub Scouts, and one of those many Christmas presents that children would make. Some of those projects would have pretty colored clear glass marbles that looked nice just by themselves. Nevertheless, my Den Mother said, “West, it is your job to add some value to those marbles.” The scout leader heated these round pieces of glass in the oven as hot as that oven would go. Then the leader pulled the clear colored marbles out, and each child drops his marbles carefully into a glass of water SNAP, CRACKLE, and sometimes POP. Now those marbles have pretty hair line fractures and are very fragile if you drop one of those fractured marbles it would break into a thousand pieces, all mine did!

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Those two little experiments are the foundation for cutting the stone for the Great Pyramids, surfacing the site and tunneling the passage for the Bottomless Pit. Because, there is sufficient evidence that Ancient man used heat or fire and water to break stone in his mining operations of the past.3 Even so, there was a lack of precision, (though the process was a lot easier than mushrooming your copper tools) in fact that is how the Caliph Al Mamaun broke through the stones of the Great Pyramid to gain access to the interior.

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The Caliph Al Mamaun broke into that structure by placing wood and brush against the stones of the Great Pyramid then setting the wood on fire. The fires heated the stone just like my Den Mother’s oven heated the marbles. Next at the right time the Caliph’s minions threw water and vinegar against the stone fracturing the stone into pieces that were easy to dislodge, (the vinegar help fizz the limestone pieces loose). The Caliph was the first man in centuries to enter The Great Pyramid of Gizeh back in the year 840 of the Christian era.4 The problem was that the Caliph and his minions chipped a hole into the side of the Pyramid at the wrong place. He was 286.1 inches off from the easy Sinister (left) entrance below.5 Instead, The Caliph broke through at the spot he chose, leaving a large hole in the wrong place. This system of breaking rock with fire and water is fine for a slow mining operation. However, wood has never been that abundant in Egypt and when you have millions of precision stones to cut the process would be impossible to do in the allotted time of twenty years.

The Egyptians used Mercury and Golden Mirrors to do their Magic. However we must first go back to Syracuse, Sicily to the year 209 before the Christian era and look at one of the many innovations of our old friend Archimedes. King Hiero had Problems; ships of the Roman Navy, which were full of troops, were on their way to besiege his kingdom.6 So king Heiro called for his most trusted scientist, Archimedes.

1   Archimedes

When asked for his advice our little old friend probably said, Don’t worry our harbor faces south, and when I was in Alexandra Egypt I learned of Aten and his Magic Mirrors. Those mirrors were used to create the heat of the sun (a heilostat). We can just make a bunch of those round, mirrored, and burn the Roman Armies eye balls out.”

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And those mirrors did just that. Now let us apply that knowledge to our riddle of the stone quarry.

The process goes all the way back to Enoch Chapter 8 and the Watcher Azazyel.7

Who taught men… the fabrication of mirrors… and the uses of stone of every valuable and select kind.8

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However, if the Egyptians use sunshine and mercury mirrors to quarry those stones: where is the Historical evidence? All over Egypt on its temple walls, its papyrus’s, its jewelry and especially Karnakh: Sadly, the process has been misinterpreted for centuries. Let us go back to the Hittite Sun disk; that is the basic design: a mirror in the center of two wings for precision targeting and a tail to sit on the ground to allow vertical alignment. In its simplest form, elongate the tail; move the wings down and the mirror up and what have you got? The Ankh also known as the cruxansalas, the riddle with a handle, Amenophis IV also known as Akhenaten showed Aten as a solar orb, a sun-globe with rays which end in tiny human hands holding an Ankh, this tool was the genesis for Archimedes’ mirror defense of Syracuse.

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To the Ancient Egyptians the Ankh was a symbol and a tool of power.9 The loop of the cruxansalas is where the mirror went. A funny thing about mirrors they can seem transparent at times giving the illusion that you can see right through them. Therefore, the Egyptians left out the mirrors in many ceremonial Ankhs to give that effect.

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However, there are also many pictures of Ankh with golden mirrors in the loop and as you know gold is the best reflector of sunshine. You also know that you can redirect the light and heat from the sun to another location with a mirror. Now if you take a second mirror and redirect its reflection of the sun to the same point you double that heat and light. If you keep doing that with more mirrors you can produce some real heat you can use the power of the sun that is easy to harness with a few magic mirrors. A form of energy that is fresh and clean with no cost of production, a power to the common folk as magical as Alchemy. In fact Barstow, California has a solar furnace system that can produce ten megawatts of electric power out of thin air using one thousand nine-hundred mirrors. The system uses Steam electric turbines’ not solar electric cells to produce the power.

Now that we have the Ankh with a mirror on the top and a central shaft to rest on the ground, This shaft also stabilizes its movements for long periods, which allows that mirror to be tilted to catch the sun and its vertical movement. The cross handles or wings of the cruxansalas allow for horizontal precision targeting over shorter distances. Now put a few thousand men of your 100,000 men10 to targeting a mirrored Ankh, now you have some real heat. To reduce the area needed for all those men and give a higher concentration of light: make some of the Ankhs taller and some shorter, and have the men stair-step them: and this enables you to concentrate the heat on a smaller target when needed. An example would be the tunneling of the Bottomless Pit, because this process is lot cleaner that a brush fire.

Yes, the Ankh was thought to be a symbol of great power and the cruxansalas of Aten were, nevertheless, what will people think of our “computer and mouse” of today in 10,000 years?

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The limestone of Egypt was important in the quarrying process, because of its sedimentary origins; Limestone is a stratified rock, with individual layers ranging from the thickness from laminate to beds measuring several feet from top to bottom.1 Granite in the Aswan area of Egypt occurs in dikes and sheets which magma has injected between layers of older rock: A type of magma emplacement known as lit by lit (bed-by-bed) injection, forming two flat surfaces, tops and bottoms2, and, many times forming large square crystals.

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The most common stone in the Great Pyramid is limestone, though Granite is cut in a similar manner, when the large crystals had not been pre-shaped by GOD were used. The limestone is stratified rock from thin layers to several feet thick. These layers have a consistent thickness for hundreds of feet to miles and are as flat as a calm mountain pond at dawn. That gives the quarry men two perfectly flat working surfaces to work with that need no detail work to be used in the pyramid.

However, to accomplish this quarrying of stone, we must first call in the string pullers or the chalk linemen to lay out the stone: and then the spaldings would chisel the line that the string pullers had laid out, the line would go between two natural fault lines in the stone. As the spaldings worked, the quarry men would remove the under burden back parallel to the line that the spaldings had chiseled out on the top of the stone. The nice thing about fresh limestone rather than cured limestone is that it is softer: the longer that it is out of the ground the harder the limestone gets (to a point)3. The quarry men used a similar process as the Caliph did, but Egyptians used the Ankh, solar furnaces system of Aten of Karnack as the heat source to superheat the stone.

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They would then throw the water and vinegar against the stone: no need to play in wet ashes, like the Caliph’s minions did. After the fractured rock had cooled, a copper headed battering ram that was suspended by an A-frame was used to break loose the fractured rock. Nevertheless, as soon as possible, wooden supports would quickly be installed to stabilize the upper layer of rock. The different strata of rock would buffer the heat and allow for a smooth transition between layers of rock. The scrap rock was important too, but more on that later in this book.

44 bit cutting stone  9

When the under burden was removed to the point of the chiseled groove, the whole section of rock that was cantilevered would be blackened with charcoal and behind the line the stone was covered with wet sand. The blackened stone was then heated with the sun and the hundreds of Ankhs mirrors. Under the stone a thick layer of sand was placed for the stone to land and a fire to help heat the stone from the bottom. Moreover, at just at the right time, the supports were pulled, and wedges were driven down at various places. Because of the weight of the stone and the heat differential of the rock, the long slab would snap. Crackle. BOOM!

On the bed of sand, if the slab was at least the second cut, now lies a long slab of stone with two smooth perfect and flat sides. The other two sides will lock into the slabs that had been cut just before and just after as if they were one: because they were one once, and every piece fitted together like a jigsaw puzzle: because they are all the same thickness, each layer stays flat without deviation. Now that, the long slab of rock weighing hundreds of tons is lying on a thick bed of sand and rubble.

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What next? Lay out the cuts to offset the last row of blocs that had been cut. Next, undermine the slabs at the point the stone has been scored and place a fulcrum, and then remove the sand to the fulcrum. The Quarry-men placed log rollers under as they remove the sand. And by, positioning a support under the black end block, the quarry-men then would put wet sand on top of the rest. By this means heating of the stones with the Ankh, solar furnace system and a fire below the stone; when they pulled supports at the right time, wedges were driven down at various places and snap, crackle, BOOM. You now have a block ready for the pyramid. The next block will fit together as if they were one because they were one once. Then the stone was sent down the hill on the log rollers to the river. Yes the quarrying was done with soft metal tools more quickly than with modern high tech equipment .

1 Landes K.K, “Limestone” ” Op. Cite, Colliers Vol. 14, P.650

2 Landes K. K, “Granite” ” Colliers ,Op. Cite, Vol. 11, P. 31

3 Landes, ”Limestone”, Op Cite Colliers


Star and Geological References to Dams Construction and the Sea of Egypt

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The second Pharaoh was Aha and his Serekh shows the narrows near Cairo Creating a Wall and Egypt became to be known as Matsuwr1 the Wall also known as Rahab2. The Horus hawk glyph is holding a mirrored Ankh and stone which implies that Aha was the stone quarrying for the Isis Dam.

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The third Pharaoh was Djer seem to be doing the construction of the Wall or Matzuwr and installing the flood gates of the Isis Dam.

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Djet the fourth Pharaoh completed the Isis Dam project and officially divided the upper and lower states of Egypt a project that brought great prosperity to the land of Egypt.

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Lower Egypt is symbolized by the Red Crown. The glyph of which is the a red crown with an ostrich feather a glyph symbolizing the dam and the water cascading over causing the mist to rise and a half circle with crosshatching symbolizing the masonry dam filling the narrows near the island of Roda. Upper Egypt is symbolized by the kite glyph interpreted to symbolize the speed of shipping on the Sea of Nun the Upper Egypt glyph also has the dam symbol below it. The main image is the wall the Matzuwr symbolized in three ways first the wall with water heaped up over the top second the stylized Matzuwr and thirdly the wall Serekh with a snake zig zaging to symbolize the water cascading over the stair-step dam, with Horus above

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The Egyptians also called the Great Pyramid at ancient Heliopolis “Innu, the Pillar “or The Pillar of Enoch. The ancient Egyptians regarded this pillar to be the first portion of land to have forced itself free of the “Sea of NUN” that was behind the Isis Dam

Atum another name for the Pyramid spoke of itself:

When I was alone in the waters, in a state of inertness, before I was found anywhere to stand or sit,

before, Heliopolis had been founded that I might be therein3

Again speaking of Atum in the Utterance 600 of the Pyramid Text;

When you came into being you rose as a High Hill You shone as the Benben Stone in the Temple of the Phoenix4

Funny thing is the Geological records of the Nile River valley show that sudden river rise at a time of World Wide Drought

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It is best if we can visualize the river barge construction method of the Isis dam. So, we will use a boat like Queen/Pharaoh Hatsheput’s Obelisk (Machana5) barge because we know that they existed and carried those types of stone: but the machana was a much earlier model.

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The uses of those craft eliminated the need for ramps or hundreds of workers to place each stone. Let us go back in time and take a little boat ride on the mighty Nile River that the Isis dam has turned into the placid Sea of Nun. We can catch a ride down the river at any one of the many stone quarries, and of course there would be oarsmen on the tow boats that pull the barge. The flow of the river would make the trip so much nicer than pushing those stone blocks on log rollers.

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These machines were specialized pieces of construction equipment. Even so, these barges were most often camouflaged as crocodiles in Egyptian art and mythology. The machana was a wooden craft with lengths of up to two hundred feet. These barges were equipped with highly specialized “trim stabilizing devices” unique ballast stones that would compensate for shifting of those heavy stone blocks. These ballast stones were not inside the hull, but hung over the side, so that they would be partially submerged in the water. If the cargo shifted forwards causing the bow to drop further down into the water, the ballast stones toward the bow would also sink farther into the water in so doing lighting the barge by the amount of water that those stone now displace. (Archimedes Principle) However, that shifting of cargo would also cause the portion of the barge (the stern) to rise out of the water causing the stern ballast stones to rise out of the water increasing the ship’s weight by the amount of water that those stones had been displacing, in so doing cause the machana to stay in trim. However, there is a mystery of how these types of trim stabilizing stones have been found as far away as the towering mountains of Ararat of Turkey and Iran.

The Isis dam and the Sea of Nun had Terra-formed the desert of Egypt into lush green fields. The images above show how the Sea of Nun behind the Isis Dam caused Egypt to prosper. So, on this trip we will be going to the Dam.

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As we float, we would see other barges empty of their Muck Rock from the quarry that has been thrown over the top of the dam for reinforcing: and for Rip-Rap to slow down any erosion caused by the6 millions of cubic feet of water running over the dam. This Masonry Dam was built with rock and was reinforced with limestone blocks to last eight thousand years until the Earthquake in Isaiah and his story of the Seancahos of 2141 years before the Christian era began.

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Other boats would pass us filled with wheat, goats, and cattle. Who needs wheels when the Egyptians had boats and a lake to float those boats on? Around the lake the only things you can see are lush green fields irrigated with water from the lake, and below the Isis dam the delta was a Garden of Eden. Yes, Man had thrown off the curse of GOD. Maybe-maybe not, that is for later in The Earth changes of 10,500 years before the Christian era began section.

As we approach the dam which stands just one block above the water; we can see dozens of other barges unloading. You would clearly see a stylized representation of a machana and its cargo of stone for the dam and its two tow boats being lifted by the rising water behind the Isis dam as that dam grows higher. You would also see barges unloading a load of waste rock from the quarry to be used as reinforcement and rip-rap of the stone masonry dam.

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Above the papyrus shows a finished dam with water going up and over the dam then down the stream to the delta. Above that is an overhead view of the dam and its flood gates system with water flowing around the ends.

1 b d z z f  Pharoh 2 (2) building pyramid

Back at the Isis Dam there are ten barges unloading block onto the dam. Some machanas will be to the right of the center and the others to the left; placing their stones in a flat stair step or fan pattern. The barge we watch has its bow high because the blocks are more aft, so the bow can slip over the lower course of stone and drop stone block closer to the proper location. This time the stone block is one of the outer layers of rock, no need to manhandle this block to the back row. The bow is on to the lower course of blocks and the block on the barge is being pushed forward: Which will give the boat a steeper angle toward the dam and allow the block to slide off.

Then, before the block is set, a fine layer of baked limestone dust is blown on the blocks that our block will fit into. This cement dust is blown on with a forge bellows device so when the water comes up, the concrete dust will seal the hairline cracks with cement. This cement would stop all leaks of the upper structure. Subterranean leaks are the nemesis of modern dams, these were plugged by using Cowboy Mud , This cowboy mud is a clay, such as bentonite, and has been used for centuries to stop leaks in water reservoirs. Egypt is known for its fine clay that is brought down each year by the flooding of the Nile. The slow construction of the dam over the twenty years of construction allowed for this mud to fill and then be compacted in subterranean cracks under the dam site that would otherwise cause the failure of the structure.

image

After placement of the stone the barge would be slid over by men with ropes to place the next stone block. For the outer blocks a small boat with a large rope-covered bow and very large load of muck rock is pulled by ropes by men on the top of the dam and the boat crashes into the block that was just placed. At the same time a second block on log rollers also with a rope bumper is pushed and crashed into the block locking the stones into place from two sides: Which allowed the blocks to fits together as if they were one because the stone blocks were one once. When placed too far from the edge other blocks are locked together with two rope bumper blocks on log rollers, the second to replace the little boat. The placement of one block would take less than twenty minutes. And if there were twenty barges working – ten on each side- east and west they would be able to set sixty blocks per hour. At twelve hours per day the stone masons could have built the Pyramid in less than ten years.

The problem was those stone masons were building at the same time at least three pyramids and a dam. So twenty years would be about right for the Great Pyramids completion. However, to quarry that many stones blocks would have taken more time than to set the stone. Logic dictates multiple stone quarries so that each course of stone would have its own quarry, a quarry that would be reused for later courses of blocks.

The Pyramid was built using the same basic building techniques as the dam, though the inner rooms had many more and finer details. Nevertheless, let us just deal with the most difficult problems now. The block would be set the same way, as with the dam though each block would be more precisely placed. The artificial stars like the Horpakrate and the dioptra (transit) and the measuring line could be used to catch any error before any misalignment became a problem.

34 stone sundial jpg

When the enormous stones were needed to be placed over a gaping opening, the lake level could be raised to allow the barges to float over the hole. The larger stone blocks were placed by floating them over the location and sliding the massive stone block off the barge; inflated cow skin float bags in the water of the hole under the block were used, which would slow the decent of the large block though the distance to lower the block to the lower course was only a few inches of fall. A skid block was also used to slow the decent by anchoring the huge stone being placed to a large stone that was sitting on the upper course of stone. So as the large stone descended over the hole the ropes would drag the skid block absorbing most of the kinetic energy of the large stones decent. After the stone was lowered, then the water would be lowered to allow the rest of the layer of stone to be placed around the large stone. However, filling of the hole and mounding with sand also may have been used in gable and arches.

1Ibid4693

2Ibid 7294

3Book of the Dead cited in Hancock. G, Mirrors of Heaven, Op.Cite

4Ibid

5 Catchpenny.com

6http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_image.aspx?image=ps345010.jpg&retpage=1552

 

 

 

 


A Star in a Crescent Moon

image

Venus

Above the Plane of the Ecliptic

The Babylonians connected Venus to the most important goddess of the Sumer- Akkadian pantheon, “Ishtar” in Sumerian; “Inanna” (Lady of heaven), Daughter of the moon. Her symbol in the distant past was a star in a crescent Moon: This crescent moon and star is seen on many Muslim countries flags. A memory trace to the arrival of the moon and that Venus pulled the moon here as Venus passed by Earth. What did the Ancients Say about this much Larger Planet? The Greeks connected Venus with Aphrodite. The Greeks feared her as a powerful force in the universe that could not be denied: Though Aphrodite did not receive the respect that Venus did from the Romans, and the book of Enoch called Venus, Dendayen

Dendayen, Ishtar, Aphrodite, and Vulcan also, known as Venus: the sixth largest planet just slightly smaller than Earth. Venus is larger than Mars by about seven times. The Planets rotation is Retrograde (turning backwards: the sun comes up in the west) and Dendayen has an elliptical orbit. The first person to know that Venus was in a stationary orbit around the sun was Heraclide of Pontus in the 4th century before the Christian era began. There is some evidence that Venus was in an elliptical orbit past Mars. Just because Venus is in its present orbit now, many factors could have made Venus/ Dendayen quite different in the past.

The Analog of Nebuchadnezzar to the Planet Venus, refers to a wide spread tradition that Venus had once moved in an eccentric orbit that took it both outside the orbit of Earth and above the plain of the Ecliptic. The Greeks called the planet Venus: Phosphorus or Lucifer (the light bearer) for the morning Star and Hesperus or Vulcan (the Black smith) for the evening star.

Isaiah 141 speaks of Lucifer

Also Known as Venus

How art thou fallen from heaven Lucifer, son of the morning, for thou has said “I will ascend into the heavens. I will exalt my throne above the stars of GOD: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, I will ascend above the clouds I will be like the most high (the sun)” Yet thou shall be brought to hell, to the side of the pit. (A very slow decaying orbit toward the Sun) They that see thee shall look upon thee and say. “Is this the One? That made the Earth to tremble. That did shake kingdoms: that made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities there of.

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In the distant past Venus had an elliptical orbit that took Lucifer above the ecliptic and Venus’ orbit took it through the asteroid belt where its gravitational wake sucked in a large amount of space junk (rocks).

image

The path at that time, that Venus took, was above and close to the north polar of Mars. Its close proximity caused a decompression of the atmosphere of Mars pulling the water and air and its moon along within its gravitational field. The pulling caused the orbit of Mars to be off set or oval. This gravitational force caused the planets magma to surge to the north causing great volcanic features to accumulate.

 

As Venus comes closer to Mars, Venus pulled Mars north toward Venus. Venus’ rotation was reversed as the planet Venus was turned over as the atmosphere and oceans are pulled off Mars.

image

Enoch 66:15

these waters of judgment shall be for their healing, and for the death of their bodies.

But they shall not perceive and believe that the waters will change, and become like fire.2

Who knows the time that the trip took for the moon to arrive here? The trip may have taken tens of thousands of years. Yet we do know there was a close encounter, and the Moons vapor trails contact about 15,000 years ago called the Melt water Pulse 1 A.

image

The texts are unclear about the time the trip took the Moon’ and its frozen water vapor to arrival but when they did: Things changed on planet Earth.

Genesis explains the conditions

On Earth at that time

That the waters were 22 feet deep on the mountains.”3

However, that water was in the form of snow, ice, tidal waves, and the Earthquakes Would Have Been off the Scale the Melt Water Pulse 1 B was not all incoming water as the Gilgamesh Epic said and A. J Anderson surmised. A large part of the flood was caused when the Moon’s gravity first got a hold of the oceans. The tidal waves must have been tremendous; the Earthquakes would have been off the scale. The tidal forces of the Moon are why so much of the Earth has changed since the Pleistocene Epoch that was in the last 10,000 to 12,000 years. However where did this water ice that the moon captured come from in the depths of space? The answer to that question will also answer two other questions. First, Tom Donahue’s “Why isnʼt Mars inundated” (with Lou Frank’s Ice balls) and secondly, how NASA’s Martian rock ALH84001 ended up in the Antarctic.4

Mars is about 5/8th the size of Earth but only about 1/10th the mass and has about 1/3rd the gravity. The Morning Star, looking from, Mars called EARTH. Ares/Thracian/Mars was the Greek god of war: though he was unpopular with the Greek gods. The goddess, Aphrodite /Venus hated Mars but had two children with him; the children were called Deimos and Phobos. Even though Mars was a god when in battles with humans Mars, the god of war sometimes lost. Nergal was the Babylonian god for Mars and of the underworld: in the Sumero-Akkalian pantheon Ne-iri-gal was also Mars, “the god of the great abode,” the Abyss?

NASA’s Rock

Called “Peace”5

Currently almost no water has been found on Mars, though NASA’s Martian Rover Spirit found a rock called “Peace” that proved that at one time Mars had lots of water. Where did all that water go? Mars is almost divided in two as far as topography goes. The old pocks marked by meteors in the south and the new lava flows of the north: Why? Then there is the problem of the tidal bulges; one on each side of the planet though Mars has no moon now: at least that is big enough to cause those bulges. Just a couple very large rocks, called Deimos and Phobos the sons of the union of the Ancient gods of Mars and Venus, so what happened? Deimos and Phobos can help answer that question. However, we will have to analyze other pieces of this riddle first.

Rock Type Found at Mars

by SPACE.com Staff post6

The rock, named ʻPeace,ʼ is an exposure of bedrock in the Columbia Hills within the Gusev Crater,

where Spirit landed 13 months ago (Jan04). Though appearing mundane in a black and- white image,

the rock is significant to scientists for what they’ve learned by digging into it and analyzing it with a suite of instruments.”

“This is probably the most interesting and important rock Spirit has examined,” Said Dr. Steve Squyres of Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., and the principal investigator for the rovers. “This may be what the bones of this mountain are really made of….The rock provides even more compelling evidence for water playing a major role for altering the rocks in the region, Squyres said.” Peace contains more sulfate salt than any other rock Spirit has examined.” (Elements deposited by sea water)

It would seem that not so long ago and not so very far away in a solar system near you, Planets were moving like a game of nine balls. Close encounters changed the surfaces of planets leaving no trace of what did the dirty little deed. Little Mercury (Nabu/Thoth) pulled some dirty tricks and was the big offender of the last 10,000 years. The biggest offender of all time was Venus also known as Lucifer, who was the “Big Dog” in this fight.

Again the first thread to unwind this story is in that Ancient Coptic text . Enoch’s book is written in chiydahs, marshals, or story riddles, which means to put the answers into a locked form: in an Ancient text Coptic, GOD said:

This is the reason I speak to them in parables, (story riddles):

because they see and yet cannot perceive; and they hear and do not listen,

nor do they understand.”7

The book of Enoch speaks of an interplanetary billiard game in parable form. These story riddles are footnoted in the text to help unlock their message. Just as the Greek symbol “Xi” in the flasher Code or the “Eye of Osiris“, the udjat, for the surveying of the Pyramid. The key is in plain sight: but hidden. So “Where’s Waldo? “

 

The Cue Ball

But in this Game of Billiards it is the Planet Venus, also known as Dendayen, Lucifer and “The Morning Star of Planet Earth” the energy to move that Cue Ball was from GOD, who placed planetary bodies for this purpose. Fossil and seabed records indicate that at one time changed drastically to a point that CO2 and water levels suddenly dropped and temperatures also dropped. So that two million years ago the seas had dropped nearly one thousand feet below the Cretaceous maximum.8 So that almost two thirds of the planet lost one thousand feet of water: Gone? Turned in to snow? NO! It went off the planet and the CO2 level dropped way down, too, as if a great vacuum sweeper whisked it away. The Ancients knew that Venus had been a Disaster (in an elliptical orbit) at one time. Venus came too close to Mars and with its greater mass causing the water and atmosphere to be sucked off Mars by Venus’s gravity wave pasting by: Just as it did Earth, millions of years earlier. The Geological records show that an interplanetary body did just that.

image

What Does the Surface

of the Planet Mars Tell Us?

Fact

The Southern Hemisphere surface is covered by so called “old cratered terrain.”9

Fact

The Northern Hemisphere surface of Mars is by much less catering and consists of volcanic flows, especially in the Tharsis Region (110 W, 10 N) a location that is near the north pole of the planet Mars.10

Fact

Mars currently has almost no water; though NASA’s Martian Rover found a rock called “Peace” that proved that at one time that Mars had lots of water.11

Fact

There are two tidal bulges, one on each side of the planet Mars, caused by a large geosynchronous moon which at this time Mars has no moon that is big enough to cause those bulges. Mars has only a couple very small moons, a couple very large rocks, called Deimos and Phobos the sons of the union of the Ancient gods Mars and Venus: the stories of the Riddle Lords will help us to unwind this cocoon of threads.

1 a a a a c a a north stars

 

With ancient star references we have deduced that the writers of Enoch lived more than 12,000 years ago when Ursa Major and Minor were in the summer western sky at sun set and that the writers of Enoch were Scholars of the movements of the stars in the sky. Through that we can deduce that they were a reliable witness of that time and of the things; that were happening in that sky. In the distant past, those writers tell us that Venus had an elliptical orbit that took it above the ecliptic and its orbit took Venus through the asteroid belt where its gravitational wake sucked in a large amount of space junk (rocks).

image

The path at that time that Venus took was above but close to the north polar, the Tharsis Region of Mars. Its close proximity caused a decompression of the atmosphere of Mars pulling the water and air and its moon along within Venus’ gravitational field. The pulling caused the orbit of Mars to be off set. This gravitational force caused the planets magma to surge to the north causing great volcanic features to accumulate. As Venus comes closer Mars is pulled north toward and the rotation of Venus is turned over by Mars and the moon, the atmosphere and oceans are pulled away from Mars

Enoch 58: 1 12

“I saw that the heavens of the heavens (Mars) shook: that it shook violently (Earth quakes);

and the powers of the Most High“. And the angels (aka water vapors from Chapter 66:12)13

thousands and thousands, and myriads’ of myriads’ (millions of millions) were agitated14

Shaken as with an Earth quake.

According to the historian Herodotus:

“Hesiod gave the Greeks their gods”

Hesiod describes the battle as an immense catastrophe Involving the planet Mars”

“The boundless sea rang terribly around, and the ground crashed loudly: wide heaven was shaken and groaned,

and high Olympus reeled from its foundations under the charge of the undying gods,

and a heavy quaking reached Tartarus (AKA Mars)15 the cry of both armies as they shouted reached to starry heaven.

Then Zeus no longer held back His might; but straight His heart was filled with fury and He showed forth all His strength.

From heaven and from Olympus He came forthwith, hurling his lightning:

the bolts flew thick and fast from His strong hand,16 together with thunder and lightning, whirling and awesome flame.

The life-giving earth crashed around in burning, and the vast wood cracked loud with fire all about.

All the land seethed, and Ocean’s streams and the unfruitful sea. The hot vapor lapped round the Titans:17

flame unspeakable rose to the bright upper air:

the flashing glare of the thunder shone and lightning blinded their eyes; for all that they were strong.”

Job 18

The Destruction of Mars

Bildad was one of Job’s friends . In his opening lines in the vernacular

“When are you boys going to shut up? Let me know! Then I will set you all straight.

What makes you boys think we are all stupid and that you know it all? “

“He 18 (Azazyel, the “angry”, Mars) earth himself in his anger:19shall the ground be forsaken for thee?

(The grave) and shall the rock20 be removed out of his place? (“a pebble in the deep” or to expand the concept a planet in space )

Yea, the light of the wicked (Azazyel)21 shall be put out, and the spark of his fire shall not shine. (His offspring)

The light shall be dark in his tabernacle, (his home Tartarus).22 and his candle shall be put out with him.

 (His offspring) The steps of his strength shall be straightened, and his own counsel shall cast him down.

For he is cast into a net by his own feet, and he walketh upon a snare (gin) The gin 23 shall take him by the heel,

and the robber shall prevail against him. The snare is laid for him in the ground and a trap for him (Azazyel) in the way.

Terrors shall make him (Azazyel) afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.

His (Azazyel) strength (offspring24) shall be hunger bitten, and destruction shall be ready at his side.

It shall devour the strength of his skin25: even the firstborn of death26 shall devour his (Azazyel) strength.

His (Azazyel) confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall bring him to the king of terrors.

It shall dwell in his tabernacle because it is none of his: brimstone shall be scattered upon his habitation27

(Enoch C:53 “Being overwhelmed with hurled stones.”) His roots28 shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off.

(No live offspring) His (Azazyel)29 remembrance shall perish from the earth, and he shall have no name in the street.

(Few people have heard of the chief watcher Azazyel) He shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased out of the world.

He shall neither have son nor nephew30 among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.

They that come after him shall be astonished at his day, as they that went before were terrified .

Surely such are the dwellings of the wicked31 , and this is the place of him that knoweth not God.

The stories indicates and the Martian topography shows the planet Venus passed, Mars continued to travel North protecting the northern half of Mars from the meteor crating . In so doing, the debris in the tail of Venus caused thousands of rocks (meteors) to mostly hit the southern regions causing mass destruction and leaving Deimos and Phobos the sons of the union of the Ancient gods Mars and Venus behind. The tidal forces of the Moon that had been relaxed caused the tectonic plates to collapse in so doing caused the volcanoes to flow on Mars.

Enoch 53 32

Being over whelmed with hurled stones.”

Chapter 51

2 For I was incapable of enduring this vision of violence, its agitation (Earth quakes),

and the concussion (meteor impacts) of heaven “33(Also known as Mars Chapter 58: 7.)

“In that day shall be a separating one from another two monsters a female, whose name is Leviathan (The Moon with its Ice vapor trail)

Dwelling in the depths (space) above the springs of water.34

106 bit mars venus moon

The Moon that caused the Tidal bulges of Mars

global-altim-thar-hem

8. The second monster Dendayen (AKA Lucifer) “The Snake” in The Garden of Eden.35

  1. These two monsters are by the power of GOD prepared to become provisions,

  2. that the punishments of GOD may not be in vain,” 36 (That some good may come out of it.)

About 14,000 years ago sea level records indicate a sudden sharp rise for a short time which geologist call the MWP1A after which followed a one thousand year time of drought on planet Earth. A drought or charab37 that corresponds to the Genesis 3:24’s account of God pronouncing a curse on the ground of the planet Earth that is until the Isis dam lessened the effect.

112 bitmars venus moon - Copy

Then about 12,500 years ago Earth captured the wondering Moon and its ice water vapor trail causing the Melt Water Pulse 1 B “Angles” (water vapors) shall ascend (From Mars) Into Space, the springs of water shall be changed and again undergo a change, and be FROZEN.”38 300 to 400 degrees below zero as they travel through space.

Chapter 58:39

15 These waters of judgment shall be for their healing, and for the death of their bodies.

But they shall not perceive and believe that the waters will change, and become like fire.

114mars venus moon twelve

Not all the moons water ice vapor trail was captured in the MWP1B second event occurred late which geologists call the MWP2B

mwps 3

Nature

12 December 2007

Mammoth tusks show up meteorite shower 40

“Allen West, a self-taught geophysicist based in Arizona, was looking for evidence of a meteorite that he and his colleague think caused the wipe-out of large mammals and the Clovis people in North America some 13,000 years ago. Recalling previous visits to the annual Tucson Gem and Mineral Show, Allen says,

“A bulb went on in my head; I remembered seeing a room full of Mammoth tusks there.”

image

He reasoned that tusks or antlers of deer or elk might have inadvertently captured exploding meteoritic material. So he went to a motel that shows the fossils, and sifted through the tusks “I spent two or three hours looking at dirty old tusks, when suddenly there was a burnt hole,” He says, “He tested it with a small magnet, as he knew many meteorites were mostly iron.

“Bang; it stuck right to the hole,”

The myths and story riddles of the past, match the scientific evidence of the Melt Water Pulses and the Star References of Noah41 and Job date their text to the Melt Water Pulse 1 B establishes an explanation for the sudden rise in sea level of c. 10,500 years before the Christian era. NASA’s own missions and astrophysical evidence from throughout the Inner Solar System are pieces of the same puzzle: An assembled Puzzle that explains “Where the moon got its water.” Evidence that has been ridiculed and expunged from our Science Research Centers “Radar Screen” evidence from the Historical Model that NASA hopes they can continue to ignore

1Qumran cave one ,Isaiah second copy

2Laurence Dr. R, Ethiopian Enoch, Also known as The Book of Pa- Hanok University of Oxford, England,C. 66:15

3Lamsa, G. M., The Holy Bible :from the ancient Eastern text -The Peshitta-; San Francisco : Harper & Row,1957,P. 13, C7:20

4http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/snc/

5space.com/peace rock, http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/05/more-evidence-of-liquid-erosion-on-mars.html?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter

6Rock Type Found at Mars, SPACE.com Staff posted:15 February 2005,

7Lamsa, G. M., Op. Oite ,Isiah 6:9,10

8Cretaceous, Colliers, OP. Cite

9Solar system/ Moon Op Cite Colliers

10Ibid

11Rock Type Found at Mars by SPACE.com Staff posted:15 February 2005, http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/05/more-evidence-of-liquid-erosion-on-mars.html?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter,

12Laurence Dr. R, Op.Cite C58:1

13 C 66:12

14Ibid Ibid C 58:1

15Ibid C 58: 1

16Ibid C. 51

17Ibid C, 66:12

18Ibid no 680 Azazyel- This statement speaks of junna or Djinn, “angry.” Iblis {despair} who was called Azazyel the leader of the rebels of Enoch chapter 8: Laurence Dr. R, Op.Cite

19Strongs, James Op. cite Hebrew, no 680

20Ibid, Hebrew no. 6697- “Rock”- “a pebble in the deep” or to expand the concept a planet in space”

21 IbidHebrew no.5767 the wicked is a term for Azazyel

22Tabernacle means dwelling or his home Tartarus (AKMars)

23Strongs, Op. Cite, Hebrew no.6341 This word “gin” means the mouth of the trap

24Ibid no 680 Azazyel’s off spring in the flesh

25Ibid

26Westcott B. F, Hort J. A., The New Testament in the Original Greek, 1881, Colossians1:18

27 Laurence Dr. R, Ethiopian Enoch, Also known as The Book of Pa- Hanok University of Oxford, England C53 “Being over whelmed with hurled stones.”

28Strongs, Op. Cite, Hebrew no 8328: Root means the source of life so growth {offspring} can continue

29Ibid no 680Azazyel

30Ibid no 5303 NEPHILIM Azazyel’s off spring in the flesh that died

31 Ibid no 680Azazyel

32 Laurence Dr. R, Op.Cite C53

33376 Ibid C 58:2

34Ibid C 58:7

35Ibid C 58:8

36Ibid C 58:12

37Strongs, Op. Cite, H, 2717, drought, famine war or sword

38Ibid Laurence Dr. R, Op.Cite C 66:12

39Ibid C 58

40 Mammoth tusks show up meteorite shower , Nature, doi:10.1038/news.2007.372 12 December 2007 Published online

41 Starry Nights, Op. Cite.